Sports medicine focuses on the prevention and treatment of sports and exercise-related injuries. They concentrate on improving sportspersons' fitness and performances and help accomplish their training goals safely and effectively.
A sports medical team will comprise medical and non-medical specialists, such as physicians, surgeons, physical therapists, athletic trainers, sports psychologists, nutritionists, coaches, and personal trainers.
What are Sports Injuries?
Sports injuries are incurred while playing indoor or outdoor sports such as basketball, soccer, hockey, baseball, tennis, or exercising. They can result from sports accidents, insufficient training, incorrect protective devices, or inadequate stretching or warm-up exercises. Some common sports injuries include muscle, bone, ligament, and tendon injuries that affect joints like the knees, hips, shoulders, feet, and ankles.
Some of the common sports injuries treated include:
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears
- Concussion & fractures
- Knee cartilage injuries
- Meniscal tears
- Nerve compression injuries
- Patellar tendonitis
- Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries
- Shoulder dislocation & separation
- Sprains and strains
- Tennis elbow or tendonitis
Treatment for Sports Injuries
Treatment includes management of bruises, strains, sprains, torn shoulder ligaments, fractures, dislocations, chronic injuries, knee ACL ligament repair besides the cartilage and meniscal repairs. Surgery is accomplished mainly by minimally invasive techniques and a rehabilitation program or physical therapy that encourages healing to ensure a quick return to your sporting activities. The most common conservative treatment recommended for sports injuries include:
Non- Surgical Interventions
- Avoid activities that may cause injury.
- Ice compresses can be applied on the injured site to ease the pain and swelling. It should be kept over the affected area for about fifteen to twenty minutes, four times a day for several days.
- Compression of the injured site will reduce the swelling. Elastic wraps, air casts, and splints can be used for this purpose.
- Elevate the injured part above the chest level to reduce swelling and pain.
- Avoid activities that trigger symptoms and change your lifestyle
- Regular exercise regimen to strengthen muscles and improve range of motion
- Anti-inflammatory medication can reduce inflammation and pain.
If the above measures do not work, then a cortisone injection may be helpful. It is a very effective anti-inflammatory medicine for conditions such as bursitis and is a long-term pain reliever for tears and structural damage.
Surgical treatment is offered when an individual has sustained serious sports injuries such as severe fractures, bone displacement, and soft tissue tears that cannot be treated with conservative treatments. Some of the common surgeries performed include:
- Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction
- Rotator cuff repair
- Arthroscopy of knees, shoulders, and ankles
- Shoulder instability surgery
- Tendon repair
- Cartilage restoration
- Fracture & labral repair
- Biceps tendons surgery
- Concussion treatment
To learn more about our sports medicine, visit our office, MediPro Pain & Performance, at 17933 NW Evergreen Place, Ste 285, Beaverton, OR 97006. You can also reach us at (503) 828-9265 and schedule an appointment.